Parody, pastiche or caricature

A recent change in copyright law now means that limited amounts of other people’s works can used in parody, pastiche or caricature without the need to seek permission, providing this falls within the exception of ‘fair dealing‘.

There is no statutory definition of ‘Fair dealing’, but you are expected to only copy an amount which is reasonable and appropriate; use of the work should not affect the market for the original work and should not result in lost revenue for the copyright owner.

The definitions for the terms are listed below:

Parody – imitating a work for humorous or satirical effect.

Pastiche – is a musical or other composition made up of selections from various sources or one that imitates the style of another artist of period.

Caricature – portrays its subject in a simplified or exaggerated way, which may be insulting or complimentary and may serve a political purpose or be solely for entertainment.

For example:  ‘a comedian may use a few lines from a film or song for a parody sketch; a cartoonist may reference a well known artwork or illustration for a caricature; an artist may use small fragments from a range of films to compose a larger pastiche artwork’; whereas ‘it would not be considered “fair” to use an entire musical track on a spoof video’.

Updated by C.Greasley 2nd February 2018

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